(plural: ‘incumbents‘; pronunciation: the letter ‘i’ rhymes with the letter ‘i’ in “ink”, the ‘c’ with a ‘k’ sound as in “king”, and the letter ‘u’ rhymes with the letter ‘u’ in “but”)
(in British English) a priest in the Church of England;
(in general) any person who holds a position or office, especially an important political office, such as a mayor, a party president, etc. ;
a keeper of some important thing; custodian,
Though an incumbent in the English Church enjoys some distinct powers, he is not authorised to sell or lease out any land that belongs to Church and only the Diocese Authority or Diocesan Trust can hold such authority.
In an election, a fresh candidate has more chances of winning over the incumbent because there are bound to be some failures of an incumbent in his/her current tenure/term and the fresh candidate can expose those failures with proof to the public and win over their hearts.
Most incumbents are known to influence the public with their official power and in most cases, plead with the people who have already benefited by their policies and approvals.