(plural: ‘apiarists‘; for the right pronunciation, please click here)
a person/farmer who keeps bees that produce honey, and sells the honey;
a person who studies bees and keeps them for research purpose,
Most apiarists keep bees for their honey and beewax, but there are some apiarists who breed best queen bees and other bees to sell them to other apiarists.
Not all apiarists are farmers keeping bees for money; there are some hobbyist apiarists who keep bees as a hobby.