Synthesis of Sentences:
The following task is synthesising the sentences which means changing one kind of sentence into another kind.
This kind of practice helps us to understand the sentence structure in full.
1. He must work hard and (he) must make up for the lost time. Compound Sentence
He must work hard to make up for the lost time. Simple Sentence
2. He not only robbed the poor child but also (he) murdered her. Compound Sentence
Besides robbing the poor child, he murdered her. Simple Sentence
3. Hearing their father’s footsteps, the boys stopped fighting. Simple Sentence
The boys heard their father’s footsteps and (the boys) stopped fighting. Compound Sentence
When they heard their father’s footsteps, the boys stopped fighting. Complex Sentence
4. She confessed her crime. Simple Sentence
She confessed that she committed the crime. Complex Sentence
5. He died in that village. He was born there. Simple Sentence; Simple Sentence
He died in the village where he was born. Complex Sentence
He died in his native village (home-town). Simple Sentence
6. They aimed at winning the prize and (they) practised well. Compound Sentence
Aiming at winning the prize, they practised well. Simple Sentence
They practised well so that they might win the prize. Complex Sentence
7. I lost a book. I found that book. Simple Sentence; Simple Sentence
I found the book which I had lost. Complex Sentence
8. You must hurry or you will miss the train. Complex Sentence
If you do not hurry, you will miss the train. Complex Sentence
You must hurry not to miss the train. Simple Sentence
Sentence Synthesis with specific directions:
1. One of the crew leaped into the water as soon as the boat touched shore.
(direction: rewrite the sentence using ‘no sooner’)
No sooner had the boat touched shore than one of the crew leaped into the water.
[Note the word order: ‘touched’ is changed into ‘had touched’ and the first part of the verb ‘had’ is placed before the subject word
‘the boat’ to give the expression more force (emphasis).]
2. We helped them with money as well as with a gang of workers.
(direction: rewrite the sentence using “not only…but also’)
We helped them with not only money but also a gang of worker.
3. The difficulty was solved by means of a special service designed for the occasion.
(direction: rewrite the sentence making the word ‘service’ the subject)
A special service designed for the occasion solved the difficulty.
Before concluding this topic, the learners must note an important point:
It is not the end of the topic but only the beginning! Because…
No one single book or course material can include all the rules and important points on any one particular topic. There are many, many things one needs to learn. And one learner may understand a particular point more easily than the other.
It is a matter of a particular learner’s ability that determines the time needed to learn a topic!
Some rules are deliberately avoided in this topic just to give the learner some food for thought!
So, come up with your ‘quarries’ and make learning a lively interactive task.