Words of confused

Your ~ You’re

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your ~ youre ~ yours

[‘your’ and ‘youre’ have the same pronunciation that rhymes with ‘door’, ‘yours’ has the additional ‘z’ sound at the end]

Your” (determiner – possessive adjective of the second person pronoun “you”) means ‘of, belonging to, made by, said by or done by; {used before titles of important people – Your Honour, Your Majesty, etc.}; belonging or of a person or people in general – of anybody, belonging to everybody’,

e.g.

Is that girl your sister?

I can’t carry your bag; it weighs a ton!

The accused said to the judge, “Your Honour, I am not guilty.”

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Youre” is the short form of ‘you are’:

e.g.

Youre early for your class today.

I said to her, “Thank you.”       →     → She replied with a smile, “You’re welcome.”

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Yours” (possessive pronoun of the second person pronoun “you”) means ‘something or someone belonging or connected to ‘you’’,

e.g.

If my computer doesn’t work, I’ll take yours.      [i.e. I’ll take your computer – the computer that belongs to you]

Is Sam a friend of yours?

If you want the job, it’s yours for the asking.        [i.e. with your abilities and qualifications, you can get it very easily]

{Very Important: The possessive pronoun “yours” does not take an apostrophe (’) between ‘r’ and ‘s’! [Yours is wrong]

In letter writing: ‘Yours faithfully’ is used to close a formal letter that begins with the opening salutation “Dear Sir” or “Dear Madam”; and ‘Yours sincerely or Yours truly (British English)/Sincerely Yours (American English)’ is used to close a formal letter that begins with the name and title of the person in the opening salutation “Dear Mr. Mathew” or “Dear Ms Mary”.}

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Yoke ~ Yolk

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yoke ~ yolk

[the same pronunciation that rhymes with “coke”]

Yoke”, as a noun, is ‘a wooden cross bar or frame with loops or bows at either end, fitted or tied round the necks of a pair of draught animals, to make them work together; a pair of draught animals such as oxen, horses, etc. tied to a wooden cross bar or frame; a bar or wood or a frame with a pail or bucket or some other load on either side fitted or carried on a person’s shoulder; a bar used to connect the collar of a horse to the pole of a wagon or cart; a crosspiece to which steering cables are attached on a boat’s rudder; a piece of garment that is tightly fitted around the neck and shoulders or at the hips from which the main piece of a loose material hangs in folds; a clamp or vice in a machine that holds two parts together and/or controls its movement; a simple structure made by keeping two spears upright with a third one placed across them which was used to make the captured enemies walk under them as an act of insult’, as a verb, it is ‘to tie draught animals to a yoke; to connect two ideas, people or things together; to force people into bounded labour’,

e.g.

The farmer has a yoke of fine oxen.

The fruit vendor carried his load on a yoke, and went around the place.

The tribal people suffered physically and mentally under the yoke of slavery.

The Lord asked his groom to yoke the horses.

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Yolk” (as a noun) is ‘the yellow, main part in the centre of the white substance of an egg of a bird or reptile (crawling animals); the oily (grease/sweat) substance in the natural sheep’s wool’,

e.g.

Some people cannot digest the yolk of an egg.

The old proverb say: ‘Who breaks the egg will find the yolk.’    [i.e. who makes some effort to do something will get the benefits]

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Yen ~ Yen

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yen ~ yen

[the same pronunciation that rhymes with ‘ten’]

Yen” (noun) is ‘the standard currency (money) of Japan – with the symbol “¥” and written as JPY – with the plural form the same ‘yen’’,

e.g.

The Japanese tourist showed some yen to the tourists from other countries.

The pound sterling fell by 14 percent against the yen last month.      [i.e. the British currency decreased in value in relation to the Japanese yen]

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Yen”, as a noun, is ‘a strong liking or desire; yearn’, as a verb, it is ‘to have a strong desire for something or to do something’,

e.g.

She has a yen for visiting places, particularly places with religious importance.

She yenned to visit the place of her birth in her last days.

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Yearn ~ Yarn

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yearn ~ yarn

[slightly different pronunciation: ‘yearn’ rhymes with “turn”, and ‘yarn’ rhymes with “barn”]

Yearn” (verb) is ‘to have a strong liking, desire for something, usually that something is very difficult to get; to feel deep pity, sympathy, tenderness, affection  for somebody’,

e.g.

Though my grandparents live with us in the city, they always yearn for the life in the country.

The doctors said she could not have children, but she yearned for a child of her own whenever she saw other women with their babies.

People yearn over the fate of the people in Darfur in Sudan, but are helpless.

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Yarn”, as a noun, is ‘thick long thread made of material such as cotton, wool, silk, nylon, flax, etc. which is used to weave or knit (make cloth) things; a long fanciful story of travels, adventure, usually made interesting and exciting by adding incidents that never really happened, and sometime very hard to believe’; and as a verb, it is ‘to tell an adventurous, exciting or hard-to-believe story’,

e.g.

The young mother bought some blue dyed yarn and started to knit a sweater for her baby.

The more qualitative the yarn, the longer the cloth lasts.

He used to spin his grandchildren yarns about his life in the Army, which are more exciting than the stories of ‘The Arabian Nights’.     [i.e. he used to tell stories that are very exciting but hard to believe about how he had fought the enemy when he was a soldier in the Army]

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Yard ~ Yard

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yard ~ yard

[the same pronunciation]

Yard” (noun) is ‘a unit for measuring length, (written abbreviation ‘yd’), which is equal to three feet or 0.9144 metre; (with ‘cube’ or ‘square’) a unit of measuring volume;  (in financial markets) used for one billion units of a currency; (on ships or boats) a slender rod or wooden pole (spar) tied across a mast to support a sail’,

e.g.

The post office is only a hundred yards away from our office.

The proverb says: ‘Give him a yard, he will take a mile!’

Sailors must know how to tie the halyard to the yard, and the luff sail corner to the mast foot.

The financier said that he was the buyer of a yard of dollars!      [i.e. in the foreign exchange market he bought a billion dollars]

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Yard” (noun) is ‘an open space or ground at the front or back of a building; the open area, usually covered with grass or with some small plants around a house; an area next to or surrounded by a building or group of buildings used for some special purpose, business, any activity, etc.; an enclosed place (pen) for domestic animals (live stock) or poultry; a railway centre where trains are made, repaired/serviced, and changed from one railway track to another; a place where wild deer, moose, etc. get together for grazing during winter season; {rare usage, as a verb, it is ‘to put something or some animal in a yard, used with ‘up’}’,

Some common words used with ‘yard’ (Notice that some compound word combinations take space between them, and some are written as one word without any space.): back yard, front yard; prison yard; builder’s yard; timber yard; navy yard; railroad yard, railway yard, marshalling yard (railway yard); shipbuilding yard; coal yard; junk yard;backyard; churchyard; schoolyard; courtyard; barnyard; lumberyard; brickyard; shipyard; dockyard; stockyard (a pen like enclosure); farmyard; switchyard (railway yard); junkyard.

[“Scotland Yard” or ‘The Yard’ or (more recently) ‘New Scotland Yard’ is the metropolitan police service and its head quarters in London responsible for keeping law & order in Greater London (not the ‘city of London’) dealing with very serious crimes.]

Compare:

‘back yard’ (with a space between the words) and ‘backyard’ (without a space between the words) is:

British English = a small area behind a house, usually covered with a hard surface

American English = a small area behind a house, often covered with grass and/or vegetables plants

e.g.

When you have a family with children you need to buy a house with a back yard where they can play.

The warships are moved to the shipyard for overhauling.

There is a junk yard close to our residence where we pick up some broken parts of furniture and cars to make some weird things just for fun.

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Wring ~ Ring

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wring ~ ring ~ ring ~ ring

[the same pronunciation, as in ‘ring’; the ‘w’ in “wring” is silent]

Wring”  (verb ~~~  wring – wrung/wrang – wrung – wringing & the ‘w’ silent) is ‘to take away something from somebody by force, usually twisting or wresting violently or with a lot of effort; squeeze; to twist or press a wet cloth or clothes very tightly in order to take away the water or any other liquid from them; to rub or twist one’s hands together because one is worried or upset or in expectation of something from others; to shake others’ hand(s) very tightly and for longer than is usual; to twist or press something out of shape; {rare usage, as a noun, it is ‘a forceful twist or grip’} [‘twist’ = turning something out of shape, usually with some force, again and again in order to get something out of it]

e.g.

Polly wrings out the clothes and hangs them on the clothesline every morning.

The local governments always try to wring additional funds from the central government.

The patients waiting in the dentist’s office are wringing their hand nervously.

Businessmen wring their hands vigorously over any new deal.

He wrung the chicken’s neck and killed it instantly.

When the door handle did not turn freely he gave it a wring and it broke off the door.

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Ring” (noun) is ‘a piece of jewellery that people wear on their fingers; something that is in the shape of a circle; a round shape; a group of bad people who does something illegal; the stage like area that is enclosed with ropes around in sports like boxing, wrestling, etc.’,

e.g.

He took out a ring from his pocket and put it on her ring finger.

It’s lovely to see the moon with a ring round it.

The dancers formed a ring round the camp fire and started to dance and sing.

The government suspects that drugs rings are in full operation in all the big cities.

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Ring”, as a noun, is ‘the repeated “tring…tring” sound that a door bell or a telephone makes; (of a mental or physical sickness) the sound one hears in the head or in the ears continuously, which needs immediate medical treatment; to remember something suddenly that one has forgotten before; (of a voice or idea) that a person feels that they have heard or known or heard it before’, as a verb  ~~~  ring – rang – rung — ringing, it is ‘to make a telephone call in order to talk to somebody or to pass on some information; to operate a door bell in order to get the attention of the people inside; to make somebody remember something suddenly; to make the bells of a school, church, temple, etc. give out the “tring…tring” sound to let people know that the work has begun or ended’,

e.g.

She said she would give me a ring the following week.   [call on the telephone]

The door bell is ringing; will someone answer it, please?

When we hear several rings of the church bell we know somebody has passed away.

I rang up all my friends and tell them about my winning the first prize!      [i.e. to call them on telephone]

He complains of a ringing sound in his ears all the time; he should see a doctor soon.

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Ring” (verb ~~~ ring – ringed – ringed – ringing), is ‘to surround (to be around) somebody or some place from all the sides; to draw circular (round) marks around something in order to get peoples’ attention to it or to make people see it clearly’,

e.g.

Every year on Independence Day, thousands of people ring the prison buildings all over the country to witness their beloved relatives being released on humanitarian grounds.

The police ringed the whole place where the escaped convicts holed up in order not to let anybody escape this time.

The manager ringed all the mistakes in my report in red, and ordered me to redraft it …this time without any new mistakes.

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Wrest ~ Rest

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wrest ~ rest

[the same pronunciation, as in ‘rest’; the ‘w’ in “wrest” is silent]

Wrest”, as a verb & the ‘w’ is silent, is ‘to take, pull or jerk something away something from others by twisting  violently; to take back power or influence away from someone by force’; as a noun, it is ‘the act of twisting; the twist or wrench; a small key or wrench like device to tune the strings of the music instruments, such as a harp or the piano by turning the pins attached to the strings’,

e.g.

It took ten minutes for four security guards to wrest the gun from the assassin.

The large supermarkets wrested control of the business from the small retailers.

The youth are fighting to wrest influence and power from the old.

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Rest”, as a noun, is ‘a break from work; to sit and relax after working or doing some hard job; (usually with the article ‘the’) the remaining of something or some people; (of mind) peace, without anxiety or trouble; (of moving things or people) to come to a stop; (with ‘at’) dead; free from pain or trouble’; as a verb, it is ‘to stop working or doing any other activity and sit down or lie down to relax; to support an object or oneself or a part of one’s body by putting it on or against something else – lean’,

e.g.

After mowing the lawn for an hour, Alice sat down to have a rest.

Martha rested for a while and then continued her work.

The nurse asked him to rest his legs on the leg rest.

He carried only two small bags and asked his wife to carry the rest of the luggage.

She rested her head on his shoulder.

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Wound ~ Wound

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wound ~ wound

[different pronunciation: the first ‘wound’, which is the past and past participle form of the verb word ‘wind’, rhymes with “round”; and in the second ‘wound’ the ‘ou’ sound rhymes with the ‘oo’ sound in “boot” or “loot”]

Wound” is the past and past participle form of the verb word ‘wind’ ~~~ wind – wound – wound, which means ‘to turn or twist something around something again and again; to turn a handle or key of a machine around several times to make it work or start; (of a long road, river, snake, etc,) having or taking several smooth turns and/or having several bends on its way; (of a tape, cassette, CD) move back or front quickly’,

e.g.

In olden days people wound their watches and clocks regularly.

The road wound around the hill for about twenty five kilometres.

We cruised along the river which wound its way down to the sea.

He wound down the car window to talk to his friend waiting to cross the road.

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Wound”, as a noun, is ‘a large cut or hole made in the body of a person or animal, usually made by a knife, arrow or a bullet;(of mind and feelings) of emotional feeling of a person that is hurt because somebody has insulted them or does something that has disturbed them, or they must have seen or experienced something very disturbing or frightening’; as a verb ~~~~ wound — wounded — wounded (used mostly in its passive voice form), it is ‘to make a cut or hole in somebody with a weapon, such as knife, gun or arrow or even a hard or sharp thing; to make someone feel upset, worried, insulted or unhappy by saying or doing something bad’,

e.g.

Several of the rioters were taken to the nearby hospitals with gunshot wounds.

The stab wounds take longer to heal.

In road accidents, most people die of head wounds.

In the fight he suffered two wounds to his chest.

The terrorist blasts left several people with deep emotional wounds.

The hunter could only wound the deer; not kill it.

She was deeply wounded by the way he treated her before her friends.

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Would ~ Wood

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would ~ wood

[the same pronunciation, as in ‘wood’; the letters ‘oo’ in ‘wood’ rhyme with the letter ‘u’ in “put”]

Would” (modal auxiliary (helping) verb & the past tense form of the verb word ‘will’) is used to say ‘what somebody wanted to do or expected to happen in the past; to express an imaginary situation in the present time used with ‘if’ clause conditional {and ‘would’ is the only modal auxiliary verb to be used in the main clause when the verb in the subordinate clause with ‘if’ is ‘were’}; to ask, offer or invite someone politely’,

e.g.

They said to us, “We will meet you at the bus-station.”  Direct Speech     →  → They told us that they would meet us at the bus-station.   Indirect Speech

I would marry her if she were a queen.

Would you like to have some more coffee?      [a polite way of offering some more coffee]

Would you, please, type this letter for me?     [a polite way of asking for some help]

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Wood” (noun) is ‘the material we get from the trees, mostly used for making furniture; (usually in its plural form with ‘the’ – the woods) a small forest; (also ‘firewood’) the dry branches of the dead trees or the cut down branches of  a tree used for making fire, used for cooking food on or to make fire in the fireplace to keep oneself warm (in olden days); one of a set of four golf clubs with wooden heads’,

e.g.

American Beech, Bur Oak and Chinese chestnut are some of the most popular hardwood trees, but Pine is a softwoodtree.

Their beach cottage is made of wood.

Most women in Africa spend their day time collecting wood for the fire.

The Baron and his family went into the woods for hunting foxes.      [i.e. the woods = a small forest]

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Worship ~ Warship

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worship ~ warship

[slightly different first vowel sound]

Worship”, as a verb, is ‘(religious) to show respect, devotion and love for a god or deity by praying or doing some rites in a religious (sacred) place; (non-religious) to show very much love and admiration for someone or something’; as a noun, it is ‘the activity of praying or doing some rites by singing songs or chanting hymns, etc. in order to show respect, love and admiration for a god or deity; {mostly in British English} used before the titles or name of  the officials of high rank’,

e.g.

We all worship one god, but by different names!

She absolutely worships that film actor, and watches every of his films … several times!

Every religion has a name for its place of worship.

We bow our heads in worship.

His worship the Mayor is going to visit our school this evening.

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Warship” (noun & also called ‘battle ship’) is ‘any ship with heavy guns and missiles used in wars/battles’,

e.g.

Every country has a large fleet of warships fully manned all the time.

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